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OmnidirectionalCardioidBidirectionalMicrotech Gefell UM 75

Multi-Pattern Tube Condenser Microphone

The UM 75 was a recreation of Gefell’s famous UM57 microphone. It was released in 2003, to commemorate the company’s 75-year anniversary. Note the sly model-name change, from UM 57 to UM 75. The mic was sold as a limited edition; only 75 were made.

The mic is a three-pattern tube condenser; a switch on the power supply allows selection of Cardioid, Omnidirectional, or Figure-of-8 pickup patterns.

The capsule is a dual-diaphragm M7, presumably with Gefell’s signature PVC membrane (confirmation forthcoming).

UM75 with Shockmount, photo credit: Mercenary.comThe amplifier circuit topology is tube-and-transformer; the tube is a vintage EF86 pentode running at 5.8V.

Despite being billed as a recreation of the UM57, several differences can be found between the two microphones:

  • The tubes are different. The UM57 used an EC92 (triode), whereas the UM75 uses an EF86 (pentode).
  • The amplifier circuit in the UM75 is reportedly borrowed from the UM 92.1, which notably includes the EMI/RFI rejection circuitry required for certification with the CE mark (Conformité Européenne, aka European Conformity).
  • The UM 75 uses a transformer created designed by AMI/Tab-Funkenwerk.

Given that the UM 75 used the same EF86 tube, M7 capsule, and CE-approved amplifier circuit as the UM 92.1, it is arguable that the UM 75 is less a recreation of the UM57 than it is an update of the UM 92.1S, with a new transformer.

The transformer in question is AMI/Tab-Funkenwerk’s UM351. It was designed as a modern reproduction of the vintage designs produced by the Gefell factory. During the war years, inconsistent and unreliable material supply led the Gefell engineers to produce many different variations on the transformer, with different lamination types and compositions, different winding ratios, and ultimately, differing sound quality. The UM351 design was finalized after extensive listening tests.

The published frequency-response graphs for the UM 75 are identical to those of the M92.1S, UM92.1S, UMT70S, and MT71S, despite the wild variation in topologies, circuitry, and headbasket design among those microphones. We therefore do not expect that graphs accurately describe the actual response of any of these microphones.

MTG UM 75 KitThe UM 75 shipped with its power supply (p/n UN 920.1), power cable (C 92.1), elastic shockmount (p/n EA 92), and a foam windscreen, all packaged into an aluminum flightcase. The mic had a 10-year warranty.

The Microtech Gefell UM 75 is also known as: UM75.

The mic was released in 2003.


Frequency Response - OmnidirectionalClick Graph to Compare!
UM 75 Omnidirectional Frequency Response Chart
Frequency Response - CardioidClick Graph to Compare!
UM 75 Cardioid Frequency Response Chart
Frequency Response - BidirectionalClick Graph to Compare!
UM 75 Bidirectional Frequency Response Chart
Pickup Patterns Pads & Filters
Omnidirectional (15 mV/Pa; 40 - 18,000 Hz)
Cardioid (15 mV/Pa; 40 - 18,000 Hz)
Bidirectional (15 mV/Pa; 40 - 18,000 Hz)
Capsule Dimensions Impedance SPL/Noise
Diameter n/a
200 Ohms (Low) Max SPL: 120 dB
Self-noise: 17.0 dB(A)
Weight Length Max Diameter Interface(s)
430g (15.17oz) 197mm (7.76'') 42mm (1.65'')
  • 3-pin XLR male (1)
Power Specifications
  • Includes tube power supply

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